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Exploring the Tradition of Mooncakes and the Mid-Autumn Festival in China: A Delightful Journey into Chinese Culture and Cuisine


The Mid-Autumn Festival is coming soon. Please note that the date of the Mid-Autumn Festival varies each year as it is based on the lunar calendar, so it may fall on different dates in different years.

Introduction to Mooncakes

Mooncakes hold a special place in Chinese culture, and their significance extends far beyond their delicious taste. These delectable treats are an integral part of Chinese traditions and are closely associated with various festivals and celebrations. In this article, we will embark on a delightful journey into Chinese culture and cuisine as we explore the tradition of mooncakes in China.

History and Significance of Mooncakes in Chinese Culture

The history of mooncakes can be traced back to ancient China, where they were first introduced during the Tang Dynasty. These round pastries were initially used as offerings to the moon goddess Chang’e, a mythical figure in Chinese folklore. Over time, mooncakes became associated with the Mid-Autumn Festival, which is one of the most important festivals in Chinese culture.

The round shape of mooncakes symbolizes completeness and unity, reflecting the desire for family reunion during the Mid-Autumn Festival. Additionally, the mooncakes were used as a medium for secret messages during times of revolution and rebellion against foreign rule. These hidden messages were concealed inside the mooncakes, allowing people to communicate and plan their strategies without arousing suspicion.

Different Types of Mooncakes and Their Ingredients

Mooncakes come in a variety of flavors and styles, each with its own unique characteristics. The most common types of mooncakes include:

  1. Traditional Mooncakes: These are the classic mooncakes that consist of a sweet, dense filling encased in a thin, flaky pastry. The filling is typically made from lotus seed paste or red bean paste, which are both considered auspicious ingredients in Chinese culture.
  2. Snow Skin Mooncakes: Unlike traditional mooncakes, snow skin mooncakes have a soft and chewy texture. The outer layer is made from glutinous rice flour, giving it a slightly translucent appearance. These mooncakes are often filled with fruity flavors such as durian, mango, or green tea.
  3. Five-Nut Mooncakes: As the name suggests, five-nut mooncakes are filled with a mixture of five different types of nuts, including walnuts, almonds, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, and melon seeds. These mooncakes are not as sweet as traditional ones and are a popular choice for those who prefer a nutty flavor.

Traditional Mooncake Recipe

Making traditional mooncakes at home can be a rewarding experience that allows you to appreciate the craftsmanship and artistry behind these delicacies. Here is a simple recipe to get you started:


  • 500g lotus seed paste
  • 100g golden syrup
  • 100g vegetable oil
  • 800g low-gluten flour
  • 50g alkaline water
  • 1 egg yolk, beaten
  • Melon seeds for garnish


  1. Mix the golden syrup and vegetable oil in a bowl until well combined.
  2. In a separate bowl, mix the low-gluten flour and alkaline water to form a dough.
  3. Knead the dough until smooth and divide it into small portions.
  4. Flatten each portion of dough and wrap it around a ball of lotus seed paste.
  5. Place the filled dough into a mooncake mold and press firmly to shape it.
  6. Gently remove the mooncake from the mold and place it on a baking tray.
  7. Brush the mooncakes with beaten egg yolk and garnish with melon seeds.
  8. Bake the mooncakes in a preheated oven at 180°C for 15 minutes.
  9. Remove from the oven and let them cool before serving.

Mooncakes and Chinese Festivals

Mooncakes are closely associated with several Chinese festivals, but none more so than the Mid-Autumn Festival. Celebrated on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month, this festival is a time for family reunions and giving thanks for the abundant harvest. The exchange and sharing of mooncakes during this festival symbolize unity and harmony among family members.

In addition to the Mid-Autumn Festival, mooncakes are also enjoyed during the Dragon Boat Festival, another important festival in Chinese culture. Traditionally, the Dragon Boat Festival is held on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month and commemorates the life and death of the poet Qu Yuan. During this festival, people eat rice dumplings called zongzi and indulge in mooncakes as a special treat.

Mooncakes and the Chinese Economy

Mooncakes have not only cultural significance but also play a significant role in the Chinese economy. The production and consumption of mooncakes during the festival season contribute to a substantial boost in various sectors. Bakeries and restaurants experience a surge in sales as people flock to buy these traditional treats as gifts for their loved ones. The demand for mooncakes has led to a thriving industry, with manufacturers constantly innovating and creating new flavors and designs to cater to the diverse tastes of consumers.

Moreover, the gifting culture surrounding mooncakes has become a way for businesses to strengthen relationships with clients and partners. Exchanging mooncakes during the festival season is considered a gesture of goodwill and can help foster business connections. Many companies also customize mooncakes with their logos or messages as a form of branding and marketing.

Learning Chinese through Mooncakes

If you’re interested in learning the Chinese language, mooncakes can be a unique and fun way to enhance your learning experience. The process of making mooncakes involves following recipes, using specific ingredients, and understanding cultural symbolism. By immersing yourself in the world of mooncakes, you can gain a deeper understanding of Chinese culture, language, and customs.

To further integrate language learning with cultural immersion, you can consider enrolling in language courses offered by institutions such as the Hainan Mandarin Academy. They provide language courses that incorporate cultural experiences, allowing you to make and eat mooncakes on Hainan. This hands-on approach to language learning not only helps you develop language skills but also provides a deeper appreciation for Chinese culture and cuisine.

Mooncakes in Hainan – A Unique Regional Variation

While mooncakes are enjoyed throughout China, each region often has its own unique variations. Hainan, a tropical island in southern China, is known for its distinctive mooncakes made with local ingredients. Hainan mooncakes are often filled with ingredients such as coconut, pineapple, or tropical fruits, giving them a refreshing and tropical flavor.

The Hainanese also have a tradition of gifting mooncakes during the Mid-Autumn Festival. These mooncakes are often packaged in beautifully decorated boxes and are considered a special treat for family and friends. If you ever find yourself in Hainan during the festival season, make sure to try these unique regional mooncakes and experience the flavors of the island.

Conclusion: Celebrating and Exploring Chinese Culture through Mooncakes

Mooncakes serve as a delightful gateway into Chinese culture and cuisine. From their rich history and cultural significance to their diverse flavors and regional variations, mooncakes offer a unique insight into the traditions and customs of China. Whether you’re enjoying mooncakes during festive celebrations, learning Chinese through their cultural significance, or indulging in regional variations like Hainan mooncakes, each bite is a reminder of the rich heritage and unity that lies at the heart of Chinese culture.

As you embark on your own journey into the world of mooncakes, remember to savor the flavors, appreciate the craftsmanship, and embrace the opportunity to connect with Chinese culture. And if you’re looking to deepen your cultural immersion and language learning experience, don’t forget to check out the Hainan Mandarin Academy, where you can make and eat mooncakes on Hainan while learning the Chinese language. The language courses with a cultural immersion are waiting for you.

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  • 1 cultural event per week
  • teaching materials
  • airport pick up
  • Free drinks during class time
Total Value: 890 Euro

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